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According To The Text, Which Of The Following Is A Form Of Mitm Attack?

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According to the text, a form of mitm attack is when “an attacker inserts himself into a communication between two parties.” This type of attack can be used to eavesdrop on conversations, steal sensitive information, or even inject false information into the conversation.

Phishing

Phishing is a form of social engineering attack that relies on tricking the user into giving up sensitive information. The attacker will send an email or other communication that appears to be from a trusted source, but is actually from the attacker. The user may be asked to click on a link that takes them to a fake website where they are prompted to enter their username and password. The attacker can then use this information to gain access to the victim’s account.

Man-in-the-middle

A man-in-the-middle attack is a type of cyberattack where a malicious actor intercepts communications between two victims and impersonates both parties to them. The attacker can eavesdrop on the victim’s conversations, read their messages, and even modify or inject false data into the communication stream.

There are many ways that an attacker can carry out a man-in-the-middle attack, but one of the most common is by compromising a public Wi-Fi network. When victims connect to the Wi-Fi network, the attacker can intercept their traffic and carry out the attack.

Other common man-in-the-middle attacks include DNS spoofing and ARP poisoning. In DNS spoofing, the attacker tricks victims into connecting to a malicious server instead of the legitimate one. This allows the attacker to intercept and redirect traffic meant for the legitimate server. In ARP poisoning, the attacker sends false ARP replies to victims, tricking them into thinking that the attacker’s computer has the same IP address as the legitimate server. This allows the attacker to intercept traffic meant for the legitimate server.

Denial of service

A denial of service (DoS) attack is a form of attack in which the attacker seeks to render a computer or other service unavailable to its intended users by flooding it with requests, thus overwhelming the resources of the system and preventing it from functioning properly. Many DoS attacks are the result of malicious botnets, networks of infected computers that are controlled by the attacker without the knowledge or consent of their owners.

DoS attacks can be very difficult to defend against because they often exploit vulnerabilities in widely-used protocols and systems, and because they can be launched from anywhere in the world with little effort or expense. However, there are some steps that organizations can take to reduce their risk of being targeted by a DoS attack, including keeping their systems up-to-date with security patches, using firewalls and intrusion detection/prevention systems, and rate-limiting traffic to their servers.

Social engineering

Social engineering is a form of attack where an attacker tricks a victim into doing something that they otherwise would not do, such as clicking on a malicious link or opening an email attachment. Attackers can use social engineering to gain access to sensitive information, such as login credentials or financial information.

Password guessing

In a password guessing attack, an attacker tries to guess a user’s password by repeatedly trying different combinations of letters and numbers. This type of attack is also known as a brute force attack.

Types of Man in the Middle Attacks

There are three primary types of man in the middle attacks:

IP Spoofing
DNS Spoofing
ARP Spoofing

Each type of attack has a different method of execution, but the goal is always the same: to intercept communications between two parties and gain access to sensitive information.

 IP Spoofing: In this type of attack, the attacker changes the source IP address of packets being sent from one party to another. This causes the receiving party to believe that the packets are coming from a trusted source, when in reality they are coming from the attacker. This allows the attacker to intercept and read all communication between the two parties.
 DNS Spoofing: DNS spoofing is similar to IP spoofing, except that it targets domain name system (DNS) queries instead of IP addresses. The attacker intercepts DNS queries and responds with false DNS records, directing traffic to their own malicious server instead of the legitimate server. This allows them to collect sensitive data such as login credentials and credit card information.
 ARP Spoofing: ARP spoofing is a type of attack where the attacker sends falsified ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) messages over a network in order to associate their own MAC address with the IP address of a legitimate computer or server on the network. This allows them to intercepted traffic meant for that computer or server, allowing them to collect sensitive data or inject malicious code.

How to Protect Yourself from Man in the Middle Attacks?

Man in the middle attacks are a type of cyber attack where the attacker inserts themselves into a communication between two parties. The attacker then has the ability to intercept, change, or even impersonate one or both of the parties in the communication.

There are several ways you can protect yourself from man in the middle attacks. First, make sure you are using a secure connection when sending sensitive information. This means using a VPN or SSL/TLS when possible. Second, be aware of phishing emails and other social engineering techniques that attackers may use to try and gain access to your account or personal information. Finally, keep your software and antivirus up to date to help defend against any malware that could be used in a man in the middle attack.

Conclusion

A man-in-the-middle attack is a type of cyberattack where the attacker intercepts communications between two parties in order to eavesdrop on the conversation or even manipulate it. This can be done by spoofing the identity of one of the parties involved or by creating a fake communication channel between them. Man-in-the-middle attacks are often used to steal sensitive information like login credentials or credit card numbers, and can be very difficult to detect. If you suspect that you might be a victim of such an attack, it’s important to take immediate action to protect your data.

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